Month: August 2016 (Page 1 of 5)

ugg boot sale clearance The truth about the Picts

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The Picts have long been regarded as enigmatic savages who fought off Rome’s legions before mysteriously disappearing from history, wild tribesmen who refused to sacrifice their freedom in exchange for the benefits of civilisation. But far from the primitive warriors of popular imagination, they actually built a highly sophisticated culture in northern Scotland in the latter half of the first millennium AD, which surpassed their Anglo Saxon rivals in many respects.

A study of one the most important archaeological discoveries in Scotland for 30 years, a Pictish monastery at Portmahomack on the Tarbat peninsula in Easter Ross, has found that they were capable of great art, learning and the use of complex architectural principles.

The monastery an enclosure centred on a church thought to have housed about 150 monks and workers was similar to St Columba’s religious centre at Iona and there is evidence they would have made gospel books similar to the Book of Kells and religious artefacts such as chalices to supply numerous “daughter monasteries”.

And, in a discovery described as “astonishing, mind blowing” by architectural historians, it appears that the people who built the monastery did so using the proportions of “the Golden Section”, or “Divine Proportion” as it became known during the Renaissance hundreds of years later. This ratio of dimensions, 1.618 to one, appears in nature, such as in the spiral of seashells, and the faces of people considered beautiful, such as Marilyn Monroe. It can be seen in Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, the Alhambra palace of Granada in Spain, the Acropolis in Athens and the Egyptian Pyramids, but was thought to have been too advanced for the Picts.

“The Picts have always been an attractive lost people, they are one of the most interesting lost peoples of Europe,” said Martin Carver, a professor of archaeology at York University who has worked on the site since the mid 1990s, and recently written a book detailing the findings. “The big question is what happened to them and did they ever really make a kingdom of their own.”

The answer to the latter question seems an emphatic yes, based on the findings at Portmahomack, which is remote today but would have once been a key point on sea routes in the North Sea. “They would have been dreaming of a New Rome and a new world connected by water rather than Roman roads,” said Professor Carver. “They were the most extraordinary artists. They could draw a wolf, a salmon, an eagle on a piece of stone with a single line and produce a beautiful naturalistic drawing. Nothing as good as this is found between Portmahomack and Rome. Even the Anglo Saxons didn’t do stone carving as well as the Picts did. Not until the post Renaissance were people able to get across the character of animals just like that.”

In addition to stone carving, the archaeologists found evidence that vellum, chalices and other religious artefacts were being made at the site on a considerable scale. Vellum, a form of paper made from animal skin, would have been used to make highly decorative gospel books. The cemetery, containing graves of middle aged and elderly men almost exclusively, and a piece of stone bearing a tantalisingly incomplete inscription provided other key clues as to the Christian nature of the site.

“The most important piece had a Latin inscription. That’s as common as muck in the Mediterranean, but extremely rare in Scotland,” said Professor Carver, who previously led research into the Anglo Saxon burial mound at Sutton Hoo, Suffolk. “It says ‘This is the cross of Christ in memory of Reo.’ and the rest is broken away. Unfortunately the key bit, the name of the person, is missing. It means there’s someone around there who knows how to write in the eighth century. That itself is a revelation.”

A Pictish wall, which is believed to have formed part of the original monastery’s church,
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was discovered in the basement of the derelict church on the site, which has now been turned into a visitor centre. But it was the dimensions of another structure within the complex, the “Smith’s Hall”, that attracted particular attention as it was made with “a startling symmetry offering us more than just competence in construction”.

A detailed study was made of the horse shoe shaped building, searching for the unit of measurement used by the Picts. Professor Carver said a “Tarbat foot” of 12 and a half inches seemed to have been the standard measure used to make hall and other parts of the monastery. He also found the ratios of lengths of different walls and bays inside the window conformed to the architectural principle called the Golden Section. “The Golden Section, together with its inverse, the Golden Number, 1.618, has been valued by artists for millennia . and it is a true delight to observe it among their architects,” he said. “It shows the importance of symbol and worship in everything done in the service of the Christian God.

“There is something rather intriguing in the learnt character of them. This is a building put up to house metal workers. It’s the idea they were all possessed of the same kind of knowledge and all trying to serve it.”

Jean Gowans, who recently retired as chairman of the Architectural Heritage Society of Scotland, said the idea the Picts had been using the Golden Section was “wonderful, astonishing”.

“It really is absolutely fascinating. It’s mind blowing stuff,” she said. “This is staggering to hear, but I’m not totally surprised. I think they were pretty sophisticated, when you think of all the Pictish stones and the wonderful carvings that they made, a lot more sophisticated than perhaps they are given credit for in public perception.”

The monastery at Portmahomack suffered a major fire in the ninth century and several stone sculptures were smashed, suggesting it was sacked by an invading force, likely to be Vikings intent on expanding their territories in northern Scotland. The site continued to be occupied but at this point evidence of a monastic settlement disappears.

However, the shared religion of the Picts and Scots may have helped them unite against a common enemy, ultimately creating the kingdom of Scotland. “There was a war as important as Alfred’s against the Danes [in England] and the Picts got really battered. In the Annals of Ulster, there are records of battles where the flower of Pictish aristocracy is killed,” Professor Carver said.

“Portmahomack got burnt down pretty definitively round about 820. The idea is they were under new masters. It could be the Norse or the Men of Moray, MacBeth and his family. I think Portmahomack was captured by the Men of Moray. The Norse wanted it badly but they didn’t get it. There is no Norse material there. There was no more vellum making and sculpture and it stopped being a monastery. In the ninth to 11th centuries, they are making metal work, but that’s the real Dark Age.”

Portmahomack: Monastery of the Picts is published by Edinburgh University Press

Tribes that resisted the Romans

Picts was the name which the Romans gave to a confederation of tribes living beyond the reach of their empire, north of the Forth and Clyde.

The name makes its first known appearance in the works of a third century orator, Eumenius, and is assumed to come from the Latin word pingere, “to paint”, suggesting they painted or tattooed their bodies.

But what name they called themselves, or what language they spoke, we do not know.

One thing that puzzled outsiders is that they were the last people on these islands to trace their lineage through their mothers. The Venerable Bede, writing in 731, said that the Picts had come from mainland Europe,presumablyScandinavia, to northern Ireland to ask for land, but the Irish sent them on to Scotland.

Hence a myth that the Picts were given Irish wives, on condition that they became matrilineal.

Other wild stories included that they were dark skinned pygmies who hid in holes in the ground during the afternoon, but had magical powers at night.

Probably they were a coalition of indigenous tribes brought together by the Roman threat.

In Bede’s lifetime, the Picts were defeated in war by the Northumbrians and converted to Roman Christianity.
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ugg products The Truth About That Stradivarius Violin You Just Found At A Yard Sale

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Antonio Stradivari (1644(?) 18 December 1737) was an Italian maker of stringed instruments such as violins, cellos, guitars, violas, and harps. He is generally considered the most important artisan in this field. Stradivari is thought to have been responsible for the production of about 1,100 different instruments. It is believed that about 650 of these have survived and out of these 500+ are violins. It is the dream of every yard sales prowler and thrift shop buyer to find that long lost Stradivarius violin and reap the millions of dollars that would be the results of such a find. Unfortunately many unsuspecting buyers make the mistake of finding one of the thousand and thousand of reproductions that were produced and, thinking that they found the real deal, pay way too much for a knockoff. Most of these reproductions were built in Czechoslovakia or Germany from the early 1800s to about 1920 and number in the tens of thousands. The vast majority of these have the label “Antonius Stradivarius Cremonensis Faciebat Anno” with a hand written or printed date below this. These labels are glued to the inside of the violin and clearly visible through the “f hole”. These are “Stradivarius” Style Violins or reproductions. When they were produced they were not really meant to deceive the buyer. It was more of a marketing strategy to indicate the violin was designed after originals made by Antonio Stradivari. Because of this fact the date on the “f hole” labels are usually correct as to the year that the instrument was produced. A label dated 1865 should be a clue that this is a reproduction as Stradivari died in 1737. When the original buyer was purchasing this violin he knew that he was getting an instrument that was a cheap copy of a priceless Stradivarius and not the real thing. Over the years the facts surrounding these knockoffs were forgotten and thus a rash of “found” Strads began turning up in antique stores, pawn shops and garage sales. import regulations at the time. If your Strad has an English label it was not made by an 18th century Italian stringed instrument maker. On most of his violins Stradivari used a printed label with the last 2 numbers of the year it was made in handwritten in ink or pencil. If you are looking at a labeled Stradivarius Violin you can be 99.99% sure that it is one of these bogus instruments. Out of the 500 or so violins known to made by Antonio Stradivari only a hand full are not accounted for. These are thought to be lost or stolen and never recovered. were required to be marked in English with the country of origin. In 1914 the Tariff Act has amended to make the words “Made In” in addition to the country of origin mandatory. This was not rigorously enforced until around 1921 so some pre 1921 pieces can still be found without “Made In” added on. If your violin has a label with a country of origin then is was more than likely made after 1891 and most assuredly is a Stradivarius “Style” Violin or fake. As the American market was the largest one at the time, most musical instrument manufacturers were very quick to comply with the Tariff Act, producing thousands of these Stradivarius copies with the “Made In” label during the closing years of the 19th and early 20th century. The quality of these reproductions varies a lot from quite good to really bad. The current market values for these late 19th to early 20th century Strads vary greatly. Their worth depends on the quality of construction, condition and sound. This is something that would have to be determined by a specialist who deals with stringed instruments. That said I often see these German or Czechoslovakian copies selling for less than $75.00 at auction. However, if you have one of these knock offs all may not be lost. Do a little research on the bow as I have seen $2,500.00 bows with $75.00 violins. If, after reading this article, you are still convinced that your thrift shop find is an actual Strad Please take it to a qualified expert before you spend over 100 bucks or so. Today, a genuine Stradivarius can sell for enormous amount of money. One of his most famous pieces is a violin he completed in 1721 and is known as the “Lady Blunt.” It was named for Lord Byron’s granddaughter, Lady Anne Blunt, who owned it for 30 years. The “Lady Blunt” sold on July 21, 2011 for a sum of $15,932,115.00 at the Tarisio Auction. It was sold by the Nippon Music Foundation in aid of the Japanese earthquake and tsunami appeal.
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ugg slippers size 4 The TRUST Selling Process

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The better prepared you are, the greater the chance for success. Preparation compensates for a lack of talent! The R is for “Relate,” which is building trust and rapport with the prospect. The focus in this step is on the prospect, not on you. This step is a continuous process. You should relate to the prospect through the entire process. You are continually establishing, building and maintaining trust and rapport.

The U is for “Uncover the Needs.” The purpose of this step is to identify the real needs, issues and concerns. By focusing on the needs of the prospect, you discover the real problem(s). By gathering information, you become aware of the real need. By verifying this information to the prospect, you help him become aware of the real needs. The S is for “Sell the Solution,” where you present your recommendations customized with the prospect’s benefits. Once you have identified the real needs, issues and concerns, you must present your solution. This solution and the presentation of this solution must be done from the prospect’s point of view.

The T is “Take Action.” In other words, manage the objections and then close the sale. This is when you will enter into an ongoing relationship with the prospect. Once you have related with the prospect, uncovered a need and sold the solution, you must now gain commitment on the action to be taken. If you have worked through the entire process, this should be a natural end to the conversation and formalizing all the things you have discussed up to now. By using a process you always know where you are, which saves you time, keeps you on track and helps you be prepared for the next step. Since 1970, he has traveled over five million miles across the world delivering powerful life improvement messages, cultivating the energy of change. Government agencies, churches, school districts, prisons, and non profit associations, affecting lives in a profound way.
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toddler ugg boots sale The true events behind new hit film Poltergeist are as scary as the movie itself Real

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Real life horror behind Poltergeist movie and the curse that haunts the film to this dayThe reality behind the fiction is equally as terrifying with deaths and unexplained spooky goings on16:23, 22 MAY 2015Updated20:16, 22 MAY 2015Child star: Heather O’Rourke died aged 12 (Image: Rex) Get daily updates directly to your inbox+ SubscribeThank you for subscribing!Could not subscribe, try again laterInvalid EmailIt’s the creepy cult horror film that terrified cinema goers in the Eighties and now Poltergeist is due to scare a whole new generation as the remake hits the big screen tonight.But very few of today’s fans will know the petrifying real life events that inspired the film or the curse surrounding it.Steven Spielberg’s 1982 film sees an ordinary family tormented by an evil apparition which later takes the youngest daughter Carol Anne into another realm. The reboot follows a similar format.But the reality behind the fiction is equally as frightening. The film is loosely based on events at a house on Long Island, New York, where a family called the Hermann’s were plagued by a so called poltergeist.(Image: Rex)Between February and March 1958, bottle tops and lids inexplicably popped, ornaments flew around the house, a heavy bookshelf mysteriously fell over and a Virgin Mary figure soared through the air and struck a mirror 12ft away.A police officer came to investigate but was almost hit by a flying globe while a British press photographer who went to cover the story witnessed his flashbulbs lift off a table.A priest was called and ministers from all sorts of faiths conducted rituals on the front lawn but still the strange happenings went on as parents James and Lucille and their two children Lucille jnr, 13, and James jnr, 12, became increasingly scared.Experts confirmed the house was structurally sound, the fire brigade checked water levels in an old well and equipment set up in the basement confirmed there were no land vibrations. It was a mystery.Then suddenly, as quickly as it had started, the haunting stopped.In the new film, the daughter is also haunted by TV ghostsThe family, who moved away soon after, believed the events were somehow connected to an ancient Native American burial site near their home something which features heavily in Spielberg’s movie.But if you thought the poltergeist who inspired the film was chilling, what followed in the months and years after it’s release were even more freaky.And they earned Poltergiest the title of the most cursed production of all time.Within weeks of the film’s release Dominique Dunne, who played possessed Carol Anne’s big sister Dana, was strangled by her boyfriend outside her West Hollywood home. She died days later in hospital.Actor Julian Beck, 60, who played preacher Henry Kane in the second movie, died of stomach cancer as the film was released and Will Sampson, who took the role of a Native American shaman died after undergoing a heart lung transplant.Another small part actor, Lou Perryman, was killed in 2009 when an ex convict attacked him with an axe at his home in Austin, Texas.
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With one, swift, arbitrary NFL commissioner’s office decision, Tom Brady went from perhaps the best quarterback in league history to the game’s biggest pariah. And the sporting world seems to be ecstatic over the ruling.

That, my friends, is an interesting dynamic and defines so much about the players we like and don’t like.

Brady is too perfect. He’s tall, handsome, has a Brazilian supermodel wife, and is secure enough to rip up his man card and wear Ugg boots, the brand created primarily for women. And, he plays for a team that, outside of New England, is universally despised because they win, they cheat, they have a curmudgeon coach who’s about as likeable as a lizard, and an owner who flaunts perfectly coiffed, $500 pocket silks on his five thousand dollar suits.

So when we can chip away at the perfect man’s statue and stuff flakes off, we are very content. O’Connor is a North Jersey kid who has covered New York sports for most of his life. New Yorkers, of course, havea natural and visceral hate of the Patriots, who have exerted NFL superiority for years over the New York Jets, the team in their conference.

O’Connor wrote that Brady needed to come clean and admit he cheated.

“Deflategate changes everything. Brady’s credibility is in tatters now.

Really Ian? Believing what? What’s Brady going to tell them that he knows there are weapons of mass destruction in Iraq?

Brady cheated. There is no question that he either ordered, or influenced members of the Patriots’ equipment staff to lower the pressure on his game footballs. You didn’t need a 243 page report from a lawyer, Ted Wells, who is clearly aligned with the NFL, to figure that out. He got his punishment. The world is satisfied that Brady got a four game suspension, and head coach Bill Belichick lost two draft picks for his juggernaut, and Bob Kraft is out a million bucks, which means he’s out exactly 2,000 new pocket squares.

There is a scene in the movie A Few Good Men, where Tom Cruise, cross examining Kiefer Sutherland, asked about an order Sutherland’s character, Lt. Jonathan Kendrick, gave to PFC Harold Dawson, not to give another private food. “But it wasn’t a real order was it?” Cruise says. “I mean, after all, it’s peace time.”

Brady cheated, but was it a real cheat? Can anyone prove that a little less air in an NFL football could have given Brady such an advantage that it now tarnishes his legacy as perhaps the best quarterback of all time? In other words, apparently the football did all the work during Brady’s career. It apparently was a robot football and made its way down the field and right into the arms of a waiting player without Brady having to do anything. His legacy is tarnished?

Really? In fact, the Wells report confirms nothing. Even in the smoking gun game, the less inflated ball didn’t give Brady any advantage. In fact, he played way better in the second half of that game, putting up 28 points with a regularly inflated ball that was much harder and in cold weather. The following week, he won a Super Bowl with a regularly inflated ball.
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ugg bailey button triplet The trials and tribulations of a Brighton and Hove traffic warden

ugg styles The trials and tribulations of a Brighton and Hove traffic warden

Among the more mundane entries from the unnamed worker were issuing a ticket to a vehicle left in disabled bays without a badge and advising a woman who parked in a bus stop to appeal her notice.

But these are interspersed with details of being chased off from issuing a fine by a “seven and a half foot giant” and other motorists hurling obscenities in his direction.

Gary Palmer, of the GMB, which repre sents wardens, said: “We have previously raised concerns about how badly civil enforcement officers are treated on the street.

“This just goes to prove the abuse and intimidation that they face on a daily basis.”

The notebook was dropped into The Argus’ office on Thursday.

NSL, the firm which runs parking enforcement in the city on behalf of Brighton and Hove City Council,
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said the notebook had been reported stolen.

The Argus contacted Sussex Police as soon as it was informed and has since returned it to the company.

A police spokeswoman confirmed it received a report of a notebook being stolen in Boundary Road, Portslade, at about 1.35pm on March 26.

A spokeswoman for NSL declined to comment.

9am Van in road, asked driver how long he would be. He said “What? You too fat to fit through?” I said “I wasn’t being funny”. He hurled a ton of abuse at me. He was seven and a half foot.

10.41am Blue Nissan parked in permit residential bay between 10am and 11am. 10.46am ticket issued 11.06am White retail van in a loading bay since 7.13am. Driver seen. Abuse.

11.07am ticket issued 11.22am Car moved on twice. On display a disabled badge. Moved a lorry on. Lady still in bus stop. PCN issued. She said she was pick[ing] up an elderly lady. Advised lady to appeal.

11.49am On return to moped a Black BMW driver taking down details. Ask what’s up. He said I had pulled out in front of him making him brake hard. I remember my man as I issued to his blue van a couple of weeks ago. He was a grump then, as he [is] today.
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ugg girl boots The trial of Muzzammil Hassan

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Defense attorney Jeremy Schwartz, who is now serving as a legal advisor to Hassan as Hassan represents himself, said he does not know how long the defense presentation will take.

Many of the witnesses, Schwartz said, will be unnecessary if attorneys can agree to or stipulate to allowing certain documents to be entered into evidence.

“We have had numerous pages of documents entered by stipulation just this afternoon,” Schwartz said. “There may be more tomorrow morning.”

Schwartz also clarified why Hassan repeatedly said this afternoon that many of those documents which include police reports and other paperwork would refer to his own “bad acts.” Hassan had argued in court that the prosecution should allow the documents to be admitted into evidence because they would help their side of the case.

Hassan, Schwartz said, was referring to a legal principle, Molineux, which allows certain prior “bad acts” of a defendant to be entered as evidence.

“Mr. Hassan has always said that he’s very interested in not just some things coming out,
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but he wants everything to come out,” Schwartz said.

Hassan has named three expert witnesses in response to questions about whom he plans to call.

However, Franczyk has again told Hassan that one of the potential witnesses, a forensic psychologist, has written a letter to the judge saying she will not testify on his behalf.

Franczyk told Hassan to do legal research on whether he could compel an expert witness to testify on his behalf in a criminal case.

Franczyk had a lengthy discussion with Hassan over whether the experts would be prepared to testify for him when called.

“It’s not my intention to delay this case ad infinitum on the off chance that somebody may come in,” Franczyk said.

“If not, then I’ll go on the stand,” Hassan told Franczyk.

Schwartz told the judge that subpoenas have been sent out and he expects to attempt to contact potential witnesses this evening.

Prosecutor Colleen Curtin Gable has said she needs time to review the records before agreeing to allow them into evidence.

To describe some of the documents, Hassan said: “It’s more reports of my wife beating.” He later described it as “alleged wife beating.”

The judge questioned why the defense didn’t bring up the paperwork when the children, Michael and Sonia,
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were on the stand last week.

Hassan said he did not know why the papers were not brought up since at that point defense attorney Jeremy Schwartz was conducting the defense. Hassan is now representing himself with Schwartz serving as a legal advisor.

black ugg boots The trends to buy and wear now that spring has sprung

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This Sibling sweat pretty much sums up how we feeling about the arrival of spring (Picture: AFP/Getty)

Spring finally feels like it arrived. With temperatures nudging 18 degrees and the return of sun (hello old friend), many of us will be hitting the shops this weekend for some new spring/summer 2014 essentials.

Of course, it is only March and there still a slight nip in the air (perhaps wearing a t shirt and sandals to work today was a touch optimistic), so the trick is to introduce some key SS14 pieces that will freshen up your wardrobe but won leave you shivering at the bus stop, or with a credit card bill full of regret if we suddenly plunge back into mid winter again.

Here are five key spring/summer 2014 trends that you can buy on the high street and wear now.

One of Christopher Kane ethereal designs for SS14 (Picture: Jonathan Short/Invision/AP)

It not a huge surprise that pastels are fashionable for spring Burberry really went to town on them with pastel lace twinsets, while Christopher Kane gave us pastel botanical knits. But, these SS14 pastels are tough wear with metallics, embellishment and razor sharp knife pleats. This blurred floral sweatshirt and pleated mint skirt from M will keep you warm and hits so many spring trends, we slightly dizzy.

Limited Edition blurred floral sweat top, 14, from 39.50

Limited Edition pleated skirt, 39.50

Zara metallic shoes, 59.99

2. Tropical florals

Tropical florals at Dior SS14 (Picture: Getty)

Thanks to Raf Simons at Dior and Mary Katrantzou, tropical flora is hot for spring. Get the look now with this tropical Topshop shirt and wear it with bright white culottes (the coolest trouser shape of the season). Add a long line loose fit black blazer for cooler days in the office and wear either with these clashing Topshop heels or flat white slider sandals.

Jungle contrast shirt by Boutique, 75, Topshop

Pleat front culottes, 50, Topshop

Roar Tiger heels, 52, Topshop

3. Art school

Bold colour is key for SS14, as seen at Prada (Picture: Rex)

Probably the most recognisable SS14 trend was the paint swirls, colour blocking and brush strokes seen at Chanel, Celine and Prada. This look is all about strong vibrant colour and interesting prints, like this bright shirt and geometric print trousers from Zara.

Long sleeved blouse, 39.99, Zara

Geometric print trousers, 29.99, Zara

Flat sandals with metallic straps, 19.99, Zara

4. Deluxe denim

Denim gets showy at Louis Vuitton SS14 (Picture: Getty)

For his last show at Louis Vuitton, Marc Jacobs confirmed what we long suspected denim has gone deluxe. For SS14, wear your boyfriend jeans with sheer embellished tops and heels as seen at Vuitton or plunge headfirst into the trend with double denim. These patchwork jeans from Karen Millen will work with a denim shirt tucked in and some white or patterned court shoes (they also see you through to autumn as patchwork was a big look on the AW14 catwalks).

Luxe sportswear continues its winning streak into spring. Possibly the easiest trend to negotiate, the focus is on sportswear basics re imagined in luxe materials. Key pieces are leather joggers, silk bombers and anything with shear panels.
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bailey ugg boots The trainer behind Katrina Kaif’s FABULOUS figure

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Yasmin captioned this pic: ‘Be it 11 am or 11 pm, she will not miss her workout!!! This is what makes Superstars.’I started my career in 1991 after earning my certification as a group fitness trainer from the American Council on Exercise (ACE) teaching step classes.

In 2000, I completed my certification as a personal trainer and I started my personal training studio in Bandra, Mumbai in 2001.

Kareena Kapoor was my first celebrity client. She had heard about me from her friend.

As time passed, seeing Kareena achieve her desired fitness (goals), other celebrities started to sign up to train with me.

In 2006, I went to the US and completed my Pilates training and became India’s first BASI (Body Arts and Science Institute) Pilates instructor.

In 2014, I was India’s first Pilates master trainer with a degree from Balanced Body.

I now hold the trainers’ courses in my studio.

My popularity grew tenfold after I started my Pilates studio called Yasmin’s Body Image in Mumbai.

It has been amazing to learn and experience the things I have.

When people come and tell me how they love to workout or how fit they have become because of my workout and programmes, it makes me feel awesome.

You were one of the first people to introduce Pilates in India. Could you throw some light on why it’s become such a popular workout for people?

Pilates helps strengthen the core and works the body from the inside out.

It works on balance, coordination, strength, control,
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stretch and length.

It’s a full body movement that works your body from inside out, hence it helps prevent injuries.

Pilates can be done along with any other exercise. It enhances your performance in every other field.

The credit for Katrina Kaif’s Sheila ki jawaani look goes to Yasmin.

What do you consider your greatest achievement so far?

The time I worked with Katrina Kaif to achieve her Sheila ki jawaani look.

‘Katrina is not a naturally flexible person’

That look totally transformed her image in the industry and we’ve strived to get better with each movie.

I also got Alia Bhatt ready for her bikini scene in Shandaar and trained Deepika Padukone for Cocktail.

chelsea ugg boots The trail pheromone

sale on uggs The trail pheromone

Let us discuss the top pheromones in the animal kingdom. However the pheromone scent trail alone of other species appears to be insufficient to elicit trail following behaviour of recruits who need to be guided by the scout bee to the food on their initial trip, although thereafter they are able to follow the trail on their own (Cruz Landim and Rodriquez, 1967).

The trail pheromone is secreted by the mandibular glands of bees that have reached 40 50 days old; the mandibular glands of younger bees are insuf ciently developed (Cruz Landirn and Ferreira 1968). Individuals tend to respond to the trail of their own species only but limited interspecic trail following does occur. Thus T. xanthotricha can follow trails of T. positca but not vice versa (Kerr et al. , 1963); probably these two species have only minor differences in chemical components of the trail pheromone.

(E) and (Z) citral are the dominant components of the mandibular gland pheromones secretion of T. subterranea (Blum et al., 1970). Bees ying toward a food source examined small wooden blocks treated with citral that had been placed en route, and landed near those that had been placed at the food source itself. However, when the citral treated blocks were placed inside a T. subterranea nest they were immediately attacked; the agitated workers made no attempt to leave the nest. Hence, the same chemical releases both trail following and alarm, and the mandibular gland secretion possibly serves both functions. This also occurs with women pheromones.

Nasonov glands of members of their own colony and to those of workers from strange colonies.

It is now known that Nasonov exposure occurs in a variety of circumstances in which aggregation of workers occurs and so the one pheromone may perform multiple functions. Sladen, 1905; Jacobs, 1924; Velthuis and van Es,
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1964; Morse and Boch, 1971);

The various other circumstances in which top pheromones release occurs are probably each a derivation of one of these, and are sometimes adaptations to articial conditions created by the beekeeper. It seems that, in general, the responding bees are those that are disorientated or need aid in orientation.

It was supposed that individual colony pheromone odours (page 103) arose at least partly from the Nasonov gland (Jacobs, 1924; Kalmus and Ribbands, 1952) but it is now known that this concept is erroneous and the Nasonov pheromone is neither race nor colony specic (Renner, 1960).

The pheromone scent gland of the worker honeybee lies on the dorsal surface of the 7th abdominal tergum (Fig. 2.3) and consists of a mass of large glandular cells which secrete pheromone through 600 or so minute ducts into a groove or canal between the 6th and 7th terga (Mclndoo, 1914; Snodgrass, 1956).

The Nasonov gland and canal is usually concealed by the overlapping part of 6th tergum and the bee exposes them by exing the tip of its abdomen downward. During exposure the bee usually stands with its abdomen elevated and fans its wings, drawing air over the exposed gland and canal so facilitates dispersal of the Nasonov pheromone. The gland is absent in queens and drones.

The Nasonov gland is present in workers of A. cerana, A. dorsata and A. orea as well as in A. mellifera,
chelsea ugg boots The trail pheromone
but unless otherwise stated all of the following pheromone information applies to A. mellzfera.

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